The Syrian Civil War has driven world leaders to a new level of frustration with the collapse of a September ceasefire agreement based on increased US-Russian military cooperation. Although allies of Assad and allies of moderate rebels blame the failure on their enemies, the unfortunate reality is that internationally brokered ceasefires in Syria are doomed to failure. The problem is international interests in the Syrian Civil War revolve around the global terrorist threat presented by the Islamic State, yet the Syrian Civil War is, first and foremost, a civil war. The Islamic State is simply a byproduct of civil strife that cannot be squelched, unless a new government, which is supported by the principle conflicting factions, can be formed.
Because Russian-aligned forces support the Assad regime and US-aligned forces support the removal of the Assad regime, the two sides have two conflicting objectives that must be resolved before security threats like the Islamic State can be become a top priority. Looking back on the Iraq War, critics of the US-led effort often focused on the sectarian violence that continues to plague the Middle Eastern country to this day. US victory against terrorists and insurgents could not be achieved in Iraq, because Iraq was experiencing a civil war that had to be settled internally over a period of years to decades. External intervention was seen as ineffective and, potentially, a means of perpetuating the conflict. In the heat of the Iraq War, however, total victory was deemed indispensible, even though it was unachievable. The same is true in Syria.
EpiPens save lives by instantly delivering a preloaded dose of epinephrine to those suffering from a severe allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis. Awareness about the dangers of anaphylaxis and the importance of treating severe allergic reactions as quickly as possible can also help save lives by increasing access to devices like EpiPens. A $600 plus price tag for a double pack of EpiPens, however, quickly erases the health benefits of such marketing strategies by restricting access based on cost. Experiencing a 500% increase in price since 2007 under new owner Maylan, the EpiPen Controversy epitomizes the economic struggle to provide for human needs and contain the human impulse to seek excess.
Although an EpiPen contains approximately $1 worth of epinephrine, Maylan CEO Heather Bresch has justified a $100 profit per set as reasonable. She has also justified the need to invest up to $105 per EpiPen set into “awareness” marketing. Thanks to Maylan’s “awareness” marketing, as well as discounts and giveaways, schools in most States stock EpiPens, which expire after 6 to 12 months with few viable alternatives available. Maylan is also pushing for legislation to force airlines to stock EpiPens. To boot, Maylan is lobbying Congress and the health insurance industry to eliminate co-pays for EpiPens in order to hide the extreme cost of EpiPens, thereby using government policy and insurance companies to short-circuit cost-cutting market forces.
The St. Cloud Stabbing in Minnesota, Seaside Park bombing in New Jersey, and New York City explosion are assuredly examples of terrorism. As the perpetrators of these crimes are tied to the Muslim world, they are examples of Islamic terrorism inside the United States. Not surprisingly, politicians and pundits have seized upon these election-year events to promote their preferred candidates and disqualify their opponents, instead of leading on the issue of terrorism. How Americans are responding to these attacks is, however, somewhat surprising. Although the magnitude of terrorism inside the US is nowhere near that seen in the Middle East, Americans are starting to see minor acts of terrorism as a just another kind of routine violent crime.
Recognizing terrorism takes place in the American homeland is important, because it reminds the American People that we face the same threats as the victims of terrorism in Paris as well as victims of violence in the Middle East. Recognizing that terrorism is another form of violent crime just like domestic abuse and police brutality reminds all people that the outcome of violence and murder is the same no matter the motivation, i.e. the loss of life. That said, understanding why perpetrators of violent crimes ultimately choose to engage in their attacks of violence can help people cope with the consequences and help authorities decrypt the patterns they need to understand and prevent future violent crimes.
Leadership is needed in all aspects of life. Sadly, a lack of quality leadership seems to be a common problem these days in government, education, religion, communities, and private industry. Without effective management, however, businesses eventually fail due to a lack of quality leadership. Because managers are assigned the role of leader and subordinates must accept their leadership, they must lead, which means their leadership offers insights into what qualifies as effective leadership. As such, there are lessons to be derived from the world of business that can be better applied throughout the private sector and utilized in other aspects of life.
Although the responsibilities and authorities of managers may vary widely, the role of management in all businesses is to bridge cultures. Managers must take what policies and objectives their superiors give them then ensure they become reality. Consequently, managers must deal with several levels of management, subordinate employees, and outside interests. It is, therefore, the role of management to both transmit information between all relevant parties and translate information so it can be understood by every party.
Businesses are the vehicles of economic development and prosperity for all. Through their products and services, businesses ensure the primary function of the economy, which is to address the material needs of people, can be accomplished. In selling their wares, and providing jobs, they also help circulate wealth throughout the economy, thereby promoting economic stability, security, and growth. The private sector can fuel economic growth by creating new opportunities and fostering greater productivity via incentivizing wages as well as a culture of appreciation. They can also help by better utilizing the talents, skills, and education of their employees.
Due to globalization and advancing technology, there is a need for a far more dynamic workforce with the capacity to acquire massive amounts of data and use that information to develop novel solutions. Unfortunately, it takes a great amount of time and effort for most people to fully absorb new information and develop new skills. This is particularly true for individuals educated to simply memorize and regurgitate lessons. Since the modern world is constantly generating new knowledge, while new advancements quickly outdate skills, this old fashion model is insufficient. As such, the education system needs to provide students with broader, flexible skill sets that enable them to learn more efficiently and effectively throughout the rest of their lives as additional schooling is not always a viable or advantageous option.
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